|  e-ISSN: 2618-589X

Original article | TAY Journal 2023, Vol. 7(2) 329-354

Examining the Situations Experienced by University Students After Covid-19 Pandemic

Vedat Aktepe, Hayrettin İnan

pp. 329 - 354   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/tayjournal.2023.543.01   |  Manu. Number: tay journal.2023.016

Published online: April 05, 2023  |   Number of Views: 25  |  Number of Download: 252


In this research, it is aimed to reveal the situations experienced by university students regarding Covid-19 pandemic and its aftermath. The research was conducted by a qualitative research design, and data were collected using a semi-structured interview form from 31 junior students attending a Faculty of Education. The collected data were analysed by content analysis. As a result of the research, it is understood that the students are satisfied to have returned to face-to-face education. Overcrowded school and dormitory make it difficult to comply with the measures taken, and cause problems related to cleaning. It has been found that the rate of compliance of students with pandemic measures at school is higher than in dormitories. The majority of students identified having problems with wearing masks, obeying social distancing and following hygiene rules. It is understood that Covid-19 pandemic has made life difficult and people unhappy and hopeless. It is found that people have been bored with the pandemic, they have been worried about the risk of infections, so they socialize and communicate less and treat each other more coldly.

Keywords: Post Covid-19 pandemic, university, student, their experiences

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Aktepe, V. & Inan, H. (2023). Examining the Situations Experienced by University Students After Covid-19 Pandemic . TAY Journal, 7(2), 329-354. doi: 10.29329/tayjournal.2023.543.01

Aktepe, V. and Inan, H. (2023). Examining the Situations Experienced by University Students After Covid-19 Pandemic . TAY Journal, 7(2), pp. 329-354.

Chicago 16th edition
Aktepe, Vedat and Hayrettin Inan (2023). "Examining the Situations Experienced by University Students After Covid-19 Pandemic ". TAY Journal 7 (2):329-354. doi:10.29329/tayjournal.2023.543.01.


    Adnan, M., & Anwar, K. (2020). Online learning amid the Covid-19 pandemic: Students' perspectives. Online Submission, 2(1), 45-51. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP. 2020261309

    Aktan Acar, E., Erbaş, Y.H. & Eryaman, M., Y. (2021). An examination of preschool teachers' opinions towards the Covid-19 pandemic process. Journal of Open Education Applications and Research (JOEAR), 7(4), 31-54. https://doi.org/10.51948/auad.979726

    Aktaş, D., Büyüktaş, B., Gülle, M., & Yıldız, M. (2020). Sports science students' attitudes towards distance education during isolation days caused by Covid-19 virus. Sivas Cumhuriyet University Journal of Sports Sciences, 1(1), 1-9.

    Alanoğlu, M. & Doğan Atalan, B. (2021). Covid-19 period from the perspective of the teacher: a case study on students' independent research and self-regulation skills. Dicle University Journal of Ziya Gökalp Faculty of Education, 39, 34-47. http://dx.doi.org/10.14582/DUZGEF.2021.164

    Almaghaslah, D., & Alsayari, A. (2020). The effects of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak on academic staff members: A case study of a Pharmacy School in Saudi Arabia. Risk Management and Healthcare Policy, 13, 795-802. https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S260918

    Alves, R., Lopes, T. & Precioso, J. (2021). Teachers' well-being in times of Covid-19 pandemic: Factors that explain professional well-being. International Journal of Educational Research and Innovation, 15, 203-217. https://doi.org/10.46661/ijeri.5120

    Aral, N., Fındık, E., Öz, P., Karataş, B. K., Güneş, L.C. & Kadan, G. (2021). Distance education in preschool period during Covid-19 pandemic process: An experimental study. Turkish Studies - Education, 16(2), 1105-1124.

    Arıkan, H. & Aytekin, Ş. (2022). A sociological review on the impact research of the Covid-19 pandemic, HABITUS Journal of Sociology, (3), 177-206.

    Arslan, R. & Filiz, M. (2020). Evaluation of healthcare education students’ perceptions about covid-19 outbreak. Cumhuriyet University Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, 21(2), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.37880/cumuiibf.745861

    Aruta, J.J.B.R., Balingit, N.D.Z. & De Vera, A.M.F. (2022). Who are vulnerable to mental health concerns amid COVID-19 pandemic? Follow-up evidence on Philippine teachers. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 27(6), 585-587. https://doi.org/10.1080/15325024.2021.1975976

    Avcı, F. & Akdeniz, E.C. (2021). Assessment of teachers on the coronavirus (Covid-19) epidemic and problems encountered in distance learning process. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education, USBED, 3(4), 117-154.

    Balcı, A. (2020). In Covid-19 special the effect of pandemics on education. International Journal of Leadership Studies: Theory and Practice, 3(3), 75-85.

    Bozkurt, A. (2020). Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic process and post-pandemic assessments of education in the world: The new normal and the new educational paradigm. Journal of Open Education Applications and Research, 6(3), 112-142.

    Bozkurt, B., & Aktaş, H. I. (2022). Managing the school during COVID-19 pandemic school administrators regarding phenomenon metaphorical perceptions. Education as We Live, 36(1), 183-197. https://doi.org/10.33308/26674874.2022361361

    Buluk, B. & Eşitti, B. (2020). Evaluation of distance learning by tourism undergraduate students in the process of coronavirus (Covid-19). Journal of Awareness, 5(3), 285-298. https://doi.org/10.26809/joa.5.021

    Büyüköztürk, Ş., Kılıç Çakmak, E., Akgun, Ö.E., Karadeniz, Ş. & Demirel, F. (2020). Scientific research methods. Pegem Academy Publishing.

    Can, E. (2020). Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic and its pedagogical reflections: Open and distance education practices in Turkey. Journal of Open Education Applications and Research, 6(2), 11-53.

    Cantekin, Ö. F. & Arpacı, F. (2020). Covid-19 pandemic (coronavirus) and social work. The Journal of International Social Research, 13(73), 1138-1145.

    Chabbott, C. & Sinclair, M. (2020). SDG 4 and the Covid-19 emergency: Textbooks, tutoring, and teachers. Prospects, 49(1), 51-57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11125-020-09485-y

    Chmiliar, l. (2010). Multiple-case designs. In A. J. Mills, G. Eurepas ve E. Wiebe (Eds.), encyclopedia of case study research (582-583). Sage Publications.

    Cıbır, P.E. (2022). Poverty in the family and access to education from a social work perspective in the Covid19 epidemic. May 19 Journal of Social Sciences, 3(3), 223-230. https://doi.org/10.52835/19maysbd.1061258

    Creswell, J. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. (2nd ed. Thousand Oaks), Sage Publications.

    Çakın, M., & Külekçi Akyavuz, E. (2020). The Covid-19 process and its reflection on education: An analysis on teachers’ opinions. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research, 6(2), 165-186.

    Çiçek, İ., Tanhan, A. & Tanrıverdi, P. (2020). Covid-19 and education. Journal of National Education, 49(1), 1091-1104. https://doi.org/10.37669/milliegitim.787736

    Çobanoğlu, N. (2020). The changing lives and our social values with the COVID-19 pandemic. Eurasian Journal of Health Sciences, COVID-19 Special Issue, 90-94.

    Daniel, S. J. (2020). Education and the COVID-19 pandemic. Prospects, 49(1), 91-96.

    Davey, L. (1990). The application of case study evaluations, Practical Assessment Research, and Evaluation, 2(9), 1-3. https://doi.org/10.7275/02g8-bb93 

    Demir, E., Dağ, İ., Çelik, F., Gürsoy, H.İ., & Temur, C. (2022). Opinions of class teachers on the problems encountered in face-to-face education in primary schools during the pandemic process: A research in Karaman province. Journal Of Social, Humanities and Administrative Sciences, 8(49), 241-254. http://dx.doi.org/10.31589 /JOSHAS.913

    Demir Öztürk, E., Kuru, G. & Demir Yıldız, C. (2020). What do mothers think and what do children want during Covid-19 pandemic days? Perceptions of mothers and their children related to pandemic. Eurasian Journal of Social and Economic Research ASEAD, Covid-19 Special Issue 2, 204-220.

    Duan, L., & Zhu, G. (2020). Psychological interventions for people affected by the COVID-19 epidemic. The Lancet, 7(4), 300-302. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30073-0

    Dutta, S., & Smita, M.K. (2020). The ımpact of Covıd-19 pandemic on tertiary education in bangladesh: Students’ perspectives. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 8(9), 53-68. https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2020.89004

    Er Türküresin, H. (2020). Examination of distance education practices conducted during the Covid-19 pandemic regarding the views of preservice teachers. National Education, Special edition 49(1), 597-618.

    Erbaş, Y.H. (2021). Education during the Covid-19 Pandemic: Problems encountered in reading and writing instruction and suggested solutions. Journal of Mother Tongue Education, 9(2), 360-380.

    Gökmenoğlu, T. & Doğan, N. (2022). What motivates teachers to work for the society during the COVID-19 outbreak? A case of vefa social support groups. National Education, 51(235), 2691-2712.

    Göl-Güven, M., Şeker, V., Erbil, F., Ozgunlu, M., Alvan, G., & Uzunkök, B. (2020). Reflections of the Covid-19 pandemic on family life Report-2. Istanbul: Bogazici University.

    Han, F. & Demirbilek, N. (2021). University students' views on compulsory distance education in the times of Covid-19. International Journal of Eurasia Social Sciences (IJOESS), 12(44), 182-203.http://dx.doi.org/10.35826/ijoess.2897

    Han F., Demirbilek, N. & Demirtaş, H. (2021). Views of school administrators and teachers on distance education during the Covid-19 pandemic. Cumhuriyet International Journal of Education, 10(3), 1168-1193. http://dx.doi.org/10.30703/cije.819946

    Holsti, O.R. (1969). Content Analysis for the Social Sciences and Humanities. Longman Higher Education Publications.

    Hsieh, H.F., & Shannon, S.E. (2005). Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qualitative Health Research, 15(9), 1277-1288. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732305276687

    Huang, J.Z., Han, M.F., Luo, T.D., Ren, A.K. & Zhou, X.P. (2020). Mental health survey of 230 medical staff in a tertiary infectious disease hospital for COVID-19. Chinese Journal of İndustrial Hygiene And Occupational Diseases, 38(3), 192-195. https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn121094-20200219-00063

    İnce, M. & Yılmaz, M. (2021). A research in the process of covid-19 on the changing social interactions in Turkey. IBAD Journal of Social Sciences, (11), 160-186. https://doi.org/10.21733/ibad.897332

    Kaden, U. (2020). Covid-19 school closure-related changes to the professional life of a P–12 teacher. Education Sciences, 10(6), 165. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10060165

    Kara, M. & Bozkurt, B. (2021). Covid-19 pandemisi sürecinde okul yöneticiliği: Karşılaşılan sorunlar ve çıkarılan dersler [School Administration during the Covid-19 Pandemic: Challenges and Lessons Learned]. Türk Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi TEBD, 19(2), 1076-1103. https://doi.org/10.37217/tebd.969888

    Karaboğa, Y. & Güloğlu, M.F. (2022). The effect of the mother in the re-production of educational inequality in the pandemic. Seven December Journal of Social Research (SDJSR), 1(1), 11-28.

    Kayma, D., Uğurlu, Z. & Çetinkaya Büyükbodur, A. (2022). Examination of the effect of family sense of cohesion perceived by individuals in the Covid-19 process on the status of conflict and unity in the family. Journal of Medical Social Work, 20, 26-49. https://doi.org/10.46218/tshd.1192272

    Kedraka, K., & Kaltsidis, C. (2020). Effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on university pedagogy: Students' experiences and considerations. European Journal of Education Studies, 7(8), 17-30. https://doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v7i8.3176

    Kılıç, N.S. (2020). Eco-religious reactions to the Covid-19 pandemic: A study on environmental movements. Journal of Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University, 3(1), 116-127.

    Koca, A., & Tutal, O. (2021). The possibilities of the new public space through changing dynamics during the Covid 19. The Turkish Online Journal of Design Art and Communication, 11(2), 360-377.

    Korkut, Ş. ve Memişoğlu, H. (2021). Distance education process according to the opinions of social studies teachers and student. International Journal of Social Sciences Academy, 3(7), 1639-1682. https://doi.org/10.47994/usbad.928916

    Küçükakın, P.M., Göloğlu Demir, C. & Gökmenoğlu, T. (2022). Turkish teachers' response to the Covid-19 crisis: Challenges and opportunities. Education and Science, (47)212, 83-101.https://doi.org/0.15390/EB.2022.11328

    Kürtüncü, M. ve Kurt, A. (2020). Problems of nursing students in distance education in the Covid-19 pandemia period. Eurasian Journal of Researches in Social and Economics (EJRSE), 7(5), 66-77.

    Lancker, W.V. & Parolin, Z. (2020). Covid-19, school closures, and child poverty: A social crisis in the making. https://www.thelancet.com/public-health, 5(5), 243-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30084-0

    Lin, C.Y. (2020). Social reaction toward the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Social Health and Behavior, 3(1), 1-2.

    Livari, N., Sharma, S., & Venta Olkkonen, L. (2020). Digital transformation of everyday life - How COVID-19 pandemic transformed the basic education of the young generation and why information management research should care?. International Journal of Information Management, 55(2020), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2020.102183

    Lu, R., Wu, X., Wan, Z., Li, Y. Zuo, L., Qin, J., Jin, X., & Zhang, C. (2020). Development of a novel reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2. Virologica Sinica, 35, 344-347. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12250-020-00218-1

    Masonbrink, A.R. & Hurley, E. (2020). Advocating for children during the Covid-19 school closures. Pediatrics,146(3), 1- 3. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-1440

    Metin, M., Gürbey, P. & Çevik A. (2021). Teacher opinions on distance education in the Covid-19 pandemic process. Maarif Schools International Journal of Educational Sciences, 5(1), 66-89. https://doi.org/10.46762/mamulebd.881284

    Miles, M.B., & Huberman, A.M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Sage Publications.

    Miles, M.B., Huberman, A.M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative data analysis: A methods sourcebook (3rd ed.). Sage Publication.

    Özdoğan, A.Ç. & Berkant, H.G. (2020). The examination of stakeholders’ opinions on distance education during the Covid-19 epidemic. National Education, 49(1), 13-43.

    Özyürek, A., & Çetinkaya, A. (2021). The examination of family and parent-child relationships during Covid-19 pandemic. Çağ University Journal of Social Sciences, 18(1), 96-106.

    Patton, M.Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (Third Edition). Sage Publications.

    Pressley, T. (2021). Factors contributing to teacher burnout during COVID-19. Educational Researcher, 50(5), 325-327.

    Purwanto, A., Asbari, M., Fahlevi, M., Mufid, A., Agistiawati, E., Cahyono, Y. & Suryani, P. (2020). Impact of work from home (WFH) on Indonesian teachers performance during the COVID-19 pandemic: An exploratory study. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(5), 6235-6244.

    Sarışık, S., Gürel, M., Uslu, Ş., & Dönmez, E. (2022). Psychological problems experienced by teachers and ways of coping with the problems during the Covid-19 pandemic process: The teachers’ views. International Journal of Trends and Developments in Education, 2(1), 1-13.

    Saygı, H. (2021). Problems encountered by classroom teachers in the Covid-19 pandemic distance education process. Journal of Open Education Applications and Research, 7(2), 109-129.

    Stake, R.E. (1995). The art of case study research. Sage Publications.

    Streubert, H.J., & Carpenter, D.R. (2011). Qualitative research in nursing. (5th ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

    Sundarasen, S., Chinna, K., Kamaludin, K., Nurunnabi, M., Baloch, G. M., Khoshaim, H. B., Hossain, S.F.A. ve Sukayt, A. (2020). Psychological impact of COVID-19 and lockdown among university students in Malaysia: implications and policy recommendations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(17), 6206, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176206

    Şimşek, H. (2009). Methodical problem in the researches of educational history. Ankara University, Journal of Faculty of Educational Sciences, 42(1), 33-51.

    Ramos-Morcillo A.J, Leal-Costa, C., Moral-Garcia J.E & Ruzafa-Martinez, M. (2020). Experiences of nursing students during the abrupt change from face-to-face to e-learning education during the first month of confinement due to Covid-19 in Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(15), 5519. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155519

    Talidong, K.J.B., & Toquero, C.M.D. (2020). Philippine teachers’ practices to deal with anxiety amid COVID-19. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 25(6-7), 573-579. https://doi.org/10.1080/15325024.2020.1759225   

    Tarkar, P. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on education system. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(9), 3812-3814.

    Tavşancıl, E., & Aslan E. (2001). Content analysis and application examples. Epsilon Publications.

    Toptaş, V. & Öztop, F. (2021). Primary school teachers’ views on learning deficiencies in mathematics lessons in the process of distance education. Journal of Educational Theory and Practice Research, 7(3), 373-391. https://doi.org/10.38089/ekuad.2021.82

    Turgut, A.Ş. (2022). Yeniden aile ile yaşamak: Covid-19 pandemi sürecinde eve dönen üniversite öğrencilerinin deneyimleri. [Living with the Family Again: Experiences of University Students Returned Home During the COVID-19 Pandemic]. Uluslararası Sosyal Hizmet Araştırmaları Dergisi, 2(1), 29-43.

    Wang, C., Cheng, Z., Yue, X.-G., & McAleer, M. (2020). Risk Management of COVID-19 by universities in China. Journal of Risk and Financial Management, 13(2), 36. http://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm13020036

    Wong, J.M.S., & Tang, W.K.W. (2021). Online Pre-service Teacher Placements during COVID-19: A Compromise or an Opportunity? Academia Letters, Article 312. https://doi.org/10.20935/AL3122

    Yıldırım A., & Şimşek, H. (2018). Qualitative research methods in social sciences. Outstanding Publishing.

    Yolcu, H.H. (2020). Preservice elementary teachers’ distance education experiences at the time of coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic. Journal of Open Education Applications and Research (JOEAR), 6(4), 237-250. 

    Yurtbakan, E., & Akyildiz, P. (2020). Primary school teachers, primary school students and parents' views on distance education activities implemented during the Covid-19 isolation period. Turkish Studies, 15(6), 949-977. https://doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.43780

    Yurtsever, M. (2020). Short-term effects of Covid-19 pandemic on the environment. Uludağ University Journal of Engineering Faculty, 25(3), 1611-1636. https://doi.org/10.17482/uumfd.781173

    Zhang, W., Wang, Y., Yang, L., & Wang, C. (2020). Suspending classes without stopping learning: China’s education emergency management policy in the COVID-19 Outbreak. Journal of Risk and Financial Management, 13(3), 55-61. https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm13030055